Womens Health

Prevention Tips for STDs

Abstinence from oral, vaginal or anal sex is the only certain way of preventing the spread of STDs. However for people who choose to be sexually active, there are ways to minimize the risk of infection from an STD.

Number Of Sexual Partners

Mutual monogamy means being in a relationship where you only have sex with one partner and they only have sex with you. A lot of emphasis has been placed on promoting safer sex practices within the high risk community. Some health care officials believe that more emphasis should be placed on the promotion of monogamy as a way of limiting the spread of STDs.

Condom Use

If you  have sex, you should always use a latex condom or latex glove. These products can effectively reduce the risk of contracting an STD or getting the HIV virus. The condoms must be used correctly and used every time that you have sex in order to work. Female condoms have not been found to be as effective as male condoms but are preferable to using no protection.

Condoms cannot prevent all STD's from spreading. The condom acts as a barrier to keep blood, semen and vaginal fluids from passing from one person to the other during sex.  The condoms should be made of latex (rubber). Testing has shown that natural condoms do not offer the same protection as latex ones. You should check the packaging on your condoms for signs to say they prevent disease. Novelty condoms should only be used for sexual stimulation and not for protection.

Look for Signs of STDs

Be observant. Look for signs of an STD in your partner. STDs don't always cause symptoms but if your partner has a rash, discharge or a sore you should not have sex. Do not have sex if you or your partner is being treated for an STD. If you have concerns about symptoms that your partner has, do not feel pressured into having sex. It's better to be safe than sorry!

Be Honest

Communication is a key factor in the prevention of STD infection. Be honest with your partner about your past sexual experiences and expect the same from your partner. You should avoid sexual relationships with people whose sexual past is unknown to you.

Good communication will also help you to insist that condoms should be used every time that you have sex.


Be informed - if you learn the facts about STDs, their symptoms and risk factors, you will be able to protect yourself better from the risk of infection. Condoms are not a guaranteed prevention but when used properly they can significantly reduce the risk of infection.

If you notice any blisters, sores or swelling in your genital region - seek medical help immediately. The problem will not go away by itself and early treatment could prevent more serious complications.

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