Womens Health

Human Menopausal Gonadotropins (hMG)

If you're having difficulties getting pregnant because of menstrual irregularities, you may want to ask you're doctor about the fertility drug: Human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG). hMG is typically given to females undergoing fertility treatments like IFV and IUI to induce ovulation. hMG contains the luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)— the two crucial hormones needed to stimulate ovulation. hMG like the fertility drug Urofollitropin is extracted from the urine of post-menopausal women and then purified before use.

How hMG Works and Its Effectiveness

Human menopausal gonadotropins stimulate the pituitary gland to release the hormones: LH and FSH. These hormones released by hMG combine forces to aid in the development and release of the egg by a woman's follicles. Once the matured egg is released into the fallopian tubes, it is ready to be fertilized.

Help Treat

Human menopausal gonadotropins are most likely to increase the odds of conception, improving fertility in women who suffer from fertility problems including:

  • Endometriosis
  • Low levels of LH
  • Low levels of FSH
  • Ovary disorders like PCOS

Women who do not respond to the infertility drug Clomid can also use hMG.

Using HMG and Side Effects

Your doctor may recommend you to take human menopausal gonadotropins two to three days after your menstruation starts, for up seven to twelve days. Although, your dose of hMG will depend on your condition, the average dose of hMG recommended is between 75 and 600 IU per day. hMG are taken in the form of intramuscular injections.

A common side effect of hMG is hyperovarian stimulation. This occurs when the ovaries respond too well to the fertility drug. As a result the body releases multiple follicles into the ovaries. The release of multiple eggs can also increase the risk of multiple births by 40 percent while using hMG. Another side effect woman may notice while using this infertility drug to treat includes mood swings.

Consult with your doctor or health care provider about the risks and other side effects associated with hMG before using it.

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